来自 美味 2019-07-23 05:15 的文章

例如: I like to swim with you today.今天我喜欢和你一起去游泳

2.助动词本身无词汇意义,不能单独作谓语,它们do,be,have,shall(should),will(would)等。它们在句子中与实义动词一起构成各种时态,语态和语气以及否定和疑问结构

2. There ________ an English film here tomorrow. [04武汉]

4. There is going to have a football match next Friday afternoon.

The new shop is not to be opened till next Monday.

The teacher asked us to keep these sentences in mind.老师要我们把这些句子记在心里。

4.动词的种类

2. 意为"照顾;养活"等。如:

[03北京宣武区]

②-Lucy, can you get some more tea, please?

We are going to plant trees in the park.

动词do在句中的作用可以概述为四句十二字:"做"实义,助动词,替前文,强语气。

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①Tom runs much faster than you do.

及物动词要求有直接宾语

Traffic in Britain keeps to the left.(介词短语)英国的交通是靠左边行驶的。

特殊的动词形式,用以表示说话人对所说事物的态度。所说的话可能是事实,也可能是命令或请求,也可能是愿望,假设,怀疑,建议,猜测,纯粹的空想等。

③Mother was doing the cooking when I reached home.

②-Who broke the cup?

She kept her sister for a week while her sister was ill.她妹妹有病时,她照看她了一个星期。

1.题中的问句用了过去时,又因为答语中为“一瓶桔子汁”,故答案为A。

答案要点:

2) The man had the bike mended.→ The man had someone mend the bike.

-So does he.

The noise kept up all night.噪音整夜持续着。

We'll go for a walk if you feel like it.如果你想散步,我们就去吧。

3. Would you like +名词 / to do sth.?意为"你想要……吗?",用来询问对方是否需要什么或征求意见与看法。例如:

作用二:助动do

3.keep together意为"在一起;动作协调"。如:

Please keep silent in class.课堂上请保持安静。

We should keep our classroom clean and tidy.(形容词)我们应保持教室整洁干净。

如:John himself opend the door to me

在there be句型中be的形式不能用have/has替代。

车停了

③He did come.

动词本身含有的动作方面,有动态和静态。静态包括内心活动,各种感觉和感情等。动态有瞬间,有限,无限,重复等方面。

Do 的四作用

1. vt. "做;研究;整理;完成"。如:

The shop keeps everything you need.那家商店里出售的东西应有尽有。

③How many books does the library have?

Do you feel like having a rest?你想休息吗?

Everyone must keep the rules. 人人必须遵守规章制度。

4.keep up意为"持续;使不低落"。如:

You should have someone_____a house. You should have a house_____.

3. 意为"留下;不必还"。如:

③可与seem, appear, used to等状态词连用,构成there seems / appears / used to be...;

[03北京大兴区]

2. There ________ two knives in the pencilbox. [03哈尔滨]

I'd like to go shopping with you.我想要和你一起去买东西。

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6.keep...in mind意为"把……记在心里"。如:

You'd better keep the child away from the fire.(副词)你最好让孩子离火远一点。

The heavy snow kept us from going out.大雪使我们不能出去。

I'm trying my best to keep up with the others in class.我正在设法赶上班里的其他人。

④-You often go to the park.

-Sure. I'll do it right away.

5.keep up with意为"跟上;和……来往"。如:

there be句式为:there be+主语部分+状语部分,表示"某处存在某物",be常用现在时,过去时和将来时等。如:

4.like sb. to do sth.意为"喜欢某人做某事"。例如:

不及物动词则不要求有直接宾语

2.动词和名词一样,也有人称和数的变化。谓语动词的人称和数一般必须与主语的人称和数保持一致

do作助动词时,只有do, does, did三种形式,无词义,限用于含行为动词的一般现在时和一般过去时两种时态的否定句和疑问句中。如:

Tea is grown in my hometown.(一般现在时的被动语态)

1. be like, look like后接名词或代词作宾语,意为"像……;跟……一样"。例如:

2. be+done:构成被动语态(主语是动作的承受者,done必须是及物动词)。如:

That is a day never to be forgotten.(动词不定式的被动语态)

4.限定动词(finite verb)与非限定动词。这些动词的形式由它们在句子中的功用决定。限定动词在句子中起谓语作用。可与助动词或情态动词连用,亦可不连用。但必须与主语在人称和数上保持一致。

3. There was no time for the twins to go shopping, ________ ________?(完成反意疑问句) [03哈尔滨]

1. There ________ two pictures on the wall.

如:The plane took off at seven sharp

特殊的动词形式,用以表示动作的主语和宾语之间的关系,即主语是施事者或是受事者。

Keep the change.不用找零钱了。

Keep off the grass.(副词)请勿践踏草地。

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-It's very interesting.很有趣。

1. There ________ a pencil on the desk and you may use it. [03北京石景山区]

-The food and the people.食物和人民。

I'd like you to meet my parents.我想要你见见我的父母亲。

Mark 抽烟很多。

I have a family to keep.我得养活一家人。

do does did done doing

三、常见句型:

A. is B. are C. was D. were

2.like to do sth. 意为"(偶尔或具体地)喜欢做某事"。例如:

作用三:替代do

时间还不晚

there be句型表示存在,即某处有某物;have/has (got)表示所有、拥有,即某人(物)有……。如:

A B C D

Keep 用法:

2.题中有一个表示将来的tomorrow,又因为there be的形式中不能用助动词have,故答案为B。

1. There is a beautiful clock on the wall, ________? [03桂林]

2. vi. "行动;工作;进展;足够"。如:

The little girl looks like her father.那个小姑娘看起来像她的父亲。

6.动词的基本形式

构成系表结构:keep+表语,意为"保持,继续(处于某种状态)"。其中表语可用形容词、副词、介词短语等充当。如:

该句型中作主语的"人或物"让作宾语的"人或物"去做某事。此时的宾语与省略to的不定式(宾语补足语)之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。如:I would have you buy a new bike. 我想让你买辆新自行车。We can't have the car stop. 我们无法让汽车停下来。

Be 的四功能

如:They dare not tell the truth.

The teacher is keeping order in class.老师正在课堂上维持秩序。

4. be+to do,表示"按计划安排将要做某事"。如:

—There ________ some bread on it.

You must look after yourself and keep healthy.(形容词)你必须照顾好自己,保持身体健康。

Would you like to play football with us?你愿意和我们一起去踢足球吗?

2. There is little milk in the bottle, ________? [03广东]

可以将be视为实义动词,因为它具有实际的词义,如"成为;做;发生;举行;逗留;到达"等。如:

考点四:考查there be的反意疑问句

4.题中some bread为不可数名词,皇冠直营网,应选A。

三、与介词或副词搭配,构成动词短语

答案要点:

①The old man does an hour of sport every day.

They have a beautiful home.

5.would like to do sth. (=want to do sth.)意为" 想要做某事"。例如:

为突出感情色彩,do常用于祈使句、强调句和倒装句中,以加强语气。如:

She sat down quietly, but she couldn't keep

④体(aspect)

②Kate stayed at home last night, didn't she?

什么时候我们再会(用于疑问结构)

3.英语动词是词类中最复杂的一种,它的主要语法特征是:

如:Mark smokes a lot.

1. 意为"保存;保留;保持;保守"。如:

作用一:实义do

功能一,系动词be

The pupil kept on asking me the same question.这个学生不断地问我同一个问题。

She keeps a diary every day.她坚持每天记日记。

Keep passing the ball to each other, and you'll be OK.坚持互相传球,你们就行。

注意:一般情况下,keep后接形容词较为多见。再如:

The bad weather keeps us inside the house.(介词短语)坏天气使我们不能出门。

①Do be careful.

there be结构作为初中的一个重点句型,在教育部新颁布的《英语课程标准》中,作为简单句的基本句型列入其中,在各地中考试卷中也频频亮相。

Have 的两种特殊句型

He keeps exact accounts of the money he spends and a diary of the events of his holidays.他详细地记载他所花的钱数和假期中所发生的事情。

二、用作介词:

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非限定动词有不定式,动名词和分词三种。它们在句子中不起谓语作用,可担任主语,宾语,补语,状语,如:He wanted to tell her of the incident.

如:The burglar broke the window

John亲自来为我开门

He keeps everything you will drink.他出售你想喝的各种饮料。

2.keep back意为"阻止;留在后面"。如:

注意:大多数情况下,这两种句型之间可以互换。如:

Kate's birthday party will be at half past six this evening.

He likes singing.他喜欢唱歌。

答案要点:根据以上分析可得:1. C 2. B 3. B 4. B(应把have改成be)

③-I like bananas.

四、含keep的常用句型

④Have you done the exercises yet?

③语气(mood)

2.have+宾语+过去分词

只有及物动词可用作被动语态

be是一个多功能动词,在初级英语里可见四种用法:

I'll keep a seat for you.我给你留个座位。

The eight men kept together during the boat race as though they were one.赛船时,这8个人动作协调,好像一个人似的。

Our classroom has been cleaned and tidied already.(现在完成时的被动语态)

2. feel like后接V?鄄ing形式、代词或名词,意为"想要做某事"。例如: